=Differentiating Tips for English Language Learners=

Teachers must differentiate tasks, taking into consideration what educational philosopher John Dewey suggested long ago: that we begin where the students are, not where we would like them to be.

The first step to differentiated instruction for EL students is knowing the learners and determining their needs through an EL Profile-1.doc (application/msword). EL students have a variety of backgrounds. Knowing the specific experiences and knowledge each child brings to school empowers teachers to modify the process, content, or product according to each EL’s needs, keeping in mind:

English proficiency level
Primary language proficiency level
Schooling background

Tips for Working with English Language Learners

1) Speak clearly and in standard English.

2) Position yourself so that the ESL student can see your face when you are speaking.

3) Assign a "buddy" to your ESL student.

4) Learn and use the student's name.

5) For middle school and high school students, ask the student what he or she would like to be called.

6) Be as visual as possible.

7) Comprehension precedes production.

8) If students can say it, they can write it.

9) Speaking louder does not aid in comprehension.

10) Create certain predictable routines in your class.

11) Learn as much as you can about the countries represented in your class.

12) Keep a student's linguistic ability in mind when selecting reading assignments.

13) A smile is international. smile1.gif

Note: to learn more about these tips, go to http://www.learnnc.org/lp/pages/760